By Nafees Ahmad
The Right to Online Education (ROE) has been the subject of trial and tribulation since the inception of the Internet. Unfortunately, war and conflict around the world have gripped all societies from continent to continent, from region to region and from country to country, where discrimination and persecution of people based on their caste, creed, ethnicity, gender, social origin, race, religion, region and political opinion remained unabated and continued to deprive them of regular education. Moreover, the massive human rights violations due to aggression, generalised violence, foreign occupation, domestic discrimination and economic exclusion have denied people education in contravention of global recognition of education in constitutions and the right to education in international human rights law (IHRL) instruments.
Due to their structural disadvantage, RAMS students’ educational options are impacted by pressures such as geopolitical objectives, restrictive mobility regimes and globalisation. Thus, it will continue to make Afghans, Bulloch, Chakma, Pakhtoon and Sri Lankans in South Asia, Hazara and Uzbeks in Central Asia, Rohingyas in South East Asia, Iraqis, Kurds and Palestinians in the Middle East and Far East Asia and Congolese, Liberians, Somalis and Sudanese in Africa vulnerable and victim. However, Chechens, Roma, Montagnards and Acehnese displacements in the Euro-Asia region have further precipitated the education crises.